Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the U.S. Glaucoma is a very misunderstood disease. Often, people don’t realize the potential severity of the disease or who is at risk of acquiring the disease. It most often occurs in people over age 40, although a congenital or infantile form of glaucoma exists. People with a family history of glaucoma, African Americans over the age of 40, and Hispanics over the age of 60 are at an increased risk of developing glaucoma. Other risk factors include thinner corneas, chronic eye inflammation, and using medications that increase the pressure in the eyes
January is Glaucoma Awareness Month. Glaucoma gradually destroys the optic nerve tissue in the back of the eye. The greatest danger of glaucoma stems from the fact that the disease is painless and without obvious symptoms until significant damage has occurred.